Philosophical teachings of Hinduism, like any scientific theory,
are of no use to the common man unless it is applied for their daily
practice. It has survived the test of time for many thousand years
and still remains popular due to the sound principles on which its
practice is based. It gives different rules of ethics and conducts
for various categories of people. The Dharma Sasthras and
Smrithis teach us of normal conduct in performing our work.
Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha are the four Purusharthas
that govern out activity.
is the proper rules of one's duty, which literally means "that
which holds" the universe and its beings. They are classified
as Samanya Dharma or the general and universal rules and
Visesha Dharma or specific personal rules for each individual.
They give peace, joy, strength and tranquillity. Artha and
Kama are the materialistic desire and passion, that also
govern our actions. Unless one seeks the material benefits and pleasures
within the scope of Dharma, it will cause grief with greed and lust.
Moksha is the relief from pain and suffering and ultimate
liberation that is the main reason for all our actions.
rituals became popular and were being considered as the sole path
for the eternal bliss, the soundness of its philosophy and ethics
of practice were reestablished by the sages. The four Yogas
give us the spiritual discipline of our conduct. Karma Yoga
is the correct path of performing work without greed or desire and
the action performed without looking for the fruits of benefit or
Yoga is the discipline of control of our body and mind. It teaches
concentration, meditation, breathing and physical exercise and a
state of equanimity of the mind as a natural reaction to all activities.
Yoga is the spiritual discipline of absolute devotion and love
of God. It teaches prayers and surrender to God at all times. It
teaches to see and feel God in all people and all actions. Jnana
Yoga is the path of obtaining Spiritual knowledge through action,
study, meditation and devotion.