are several forms of Religious practice of Hinduism as followed
by different groups of people. Each family may have a slightly different
way of following the scriptures, though all of them have a common
link and many similarities. The most common form of the faith is
the Brahmanism (Prayers to Brahman or Vedic Hinduism) where practice
is very ritualistic following the Vedas and Smritis as in the Smartha
of Poorva Mimaamsa School of Sage Jaimini stressed on rituals and
karma as more important for our life and liberation, even ignoring
any prayers to God. Rituals, Karma, devotion and prayers to God
were put together in Utthra Mimaamsa (Vedantha) School of Sage Vyasa.
people shunned away from rituals and studied the Vedic scriptures
and its philosophy and followed Vedantha. The Agamic Hinduism, is
seen in Saiva, Saktha and Vaishnava forms of Hinduism, which follow
the Agamas. They pray in Temples, to Deities as manifestations,
with Para Bhakthi and Apara Bhakthi, the devotional forms of worship.
Hindus join with other groups following different types of worship
in a common religious practice and all of them follow the same philosophy.
The Vedas are concerned not only with man's longing for the supreme
goal of oneness with God and escape from the cycle of reincarnation,
but also with his more immediate impulse towards simple pleasures
of living on earth and happiness in Heaven. These can be achieved
with the help of rituals and prayers to God, several forms of gods,
Gurus and Super- Human beings and by service to the society and
discharge of social obligations.
describe prayers to various forms of gods and many rituals for daily
practice in addition to the Philosophy. While most Hindus accepted
the same principles of Vedas, the interpretations often changed.
Then, there was the atheistic "Chaarvaaka" who did not believe in
any form of a God or in Karma or reincarnations, but only in Artha
and Kama. His writings are not available now, but some sketchy references
are available in other works.