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Heritage Study Program || |
and Practice of Hindu Dharma
- III :
Level - 2
Review of the
History of Hindu Traditions
Study of the History and Evolution of the Faith along with
Beliefs and Culture of India over the Time of Several Millennia
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201.03. ~- 37|| |
- 37 :
Racial and Ethnic Groups of Community
are the "Aryans" and "Dravidians"?
Lesson - 38
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readers and researchers of Hindu Religion and South Asian cultures often mention
about "Aryan" and "Dravidian" groups in India. Some scholars said
all groups in the Northern part of India as Aryans and those in the South as Dravidians.
Some mistakenly regarded all belonging to the Upper Castes as Aryans. There is
no real dividing line separating the groups as only Aryans and Dravidians. In
fact, there does not seem to be a Dravidian race in any research books, only a
mention of Culture, Architecture and Language styles listed as Dravidian. Germans
under Adolph Hitler and Persians and some Central Asians claimed themselves to
be "Aryan" race, when they had no other ancient history of a civilization to adhere
to. For the sake of simplicity of understanding these terms were used in this
articles to separate two distinctive cultural and ethnic groups that existed in
India from ancient times though they were well mixed all over the land.
the most ancient times, several thousands of years back, the Indian subcontinent
was occupied and populated by an ancient group of aboriginal dark skinned people
and traces of some of them are still said to be living in many remote areas of
the land. They were the nomadic hunters belonging to the later stone age. After
this period, there were agricultural groups using copper tools, domesticated animals
and a distinctive cultural practice in groups with religious prayer and burial
rituals noted among them. These were the original ancient "Indian Ethnic groups".
There were the people with a mixture of Australoid racial features, similar to
the Australian aboriginal and Indonesians, Caucasian ethnic groups like the Central
Asians, Mongolians from the East and Negroid ethnic groups with African racial
characters. There were also migrations from the Italian and other Mediterranean
areas to the west coast, northwest and southern parts of India. The Sumerians,
Greeks, Central Asians and Eastern Europeans from the West also came. They are
all believed by some to be the origin of the so called "Aryan" and "Dravidian"
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201.03. ~- 38|| |
- 38 :
and Evolution of the Hindu Race and Culture
is the True "Indus Valley Civilization"?
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of these ethnic groups mixed so much within a short period that they became indistinguishable
from one another in this great ethnic and cultural melting pot. This was the time
of the Indus Valley settlement. The "Dravidian" culture and religious practice
were in existence before the "Aryan" influence come into this place. This is believed
to be part of the Cultures of Mohenjadaro in Sind and Harappa in the West Punjab
provinces of what is now Pakistan, and in parts of Rajasthan and Gujarat near
the now dry "Saraswathi River" as part of the Indus Valley Civilization. There
were 25 to 50 thousand people in each settlement. They used a distinct language
which has defied all attempts to decipher. They do not appear to be related to
the Sumerian, the Mediterranean, Brahmi or any "Indo-European" languages.
researches done by the scholars were incomplete and sketchy with much prejudicial
and erroneous opinion. Some Scandinavian researchers attempted to decipher about
500 characters and compared this to a form of "Dravidian" script similar to Ancient
Tamil. They have used a numbering system that was "Binary and Octal" in smaller
numbers and "Decimal" in Higher numbers. They had large congregation halls that
looked like prayer halls or bath, probably for religious practices but no Temples
or Sanctums. There were evidences of streets and well-organized waterways and
drainage systems. They have prayed to images very much like Siva and Parvathi
and certain animal figurines. The Indian ethnic structure, from the ancient time,
has been the melting pot of Caucasian, Australoid and the ancient Indian Natives
and tribal races. It had some mixture of the Mediterranean, Central Asian, Negroid
and Mongolian traits. Thus there was no certain "Aryan or Dravidian" racial division
of the population at any time, in spite of any divisions of regional, linguistic
or religious differences among them. They organized and followed a cultural and
religious belief from these ancient times that was developed by their leaders
and followed by all.
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of the present Human race in the Indian sub-continant - One of several theories
though the theory of evolution says that the Human race of modern man appeared
on earth more than a million years back, it is now believed that all most all
of them were destroyed about 100,000 years back in the extreme cold weather of
a severe ice age. Only about less than 1000 families of one genetic line escaped
and survived, who were living in caves in the North-Eastern part of Africa. In
the coldest weather, possibly they survivrd, stayed inside caves, with fires to
warm the area for comfort. They started a new culture and tradition of the modern
civilization over the next thousands of years as they gradually moved all over
the world. In the next few thousand years, some families gradually moved through
the terrains to several parts of the world. About 60,000 years back few families
moved in to Indian sub-continent**.
is found by their Genetic research that among the people who moved to Indian sub-continent,
there was only a genetic line of * one male and two female* gene types found among
people in all of India, tracing back to this ancient time. There was only one
type of Y Chromosome among all Indians, all over India [# except a small
group of about 4 - 5%] which represents the Male ancestory. However, there were
two variations in the Mitochondrial DNA which goes only from mother
to all her children, seen in all areas.
A small percentage of the population had some variations in the genes, that were
similar to the people of Indonasia and Australian Natives.
This study reveals some facts that is very similar to our Purana stories of origin
of Indian race to Sage Kasyapa or Prajapathi who had two wives Dithi and Adithi.
There are some who believe that the civilization started in India first and moved
West to the Middle East countries and all over the world.
a research Study conducted around the world)
** - "Journey of Man" by Spencer Wells; [Pub. National Geographic].
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