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 Hindu Heritage Study Program  
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Principles and Practice of Hindu Dharma
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HR 201.03
Chapter - III :
~ Level - 2
A Review of the History of Hindu Traditions
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A Study of the History and Evolution of the Faith along with
the Beliefs and Culture of India over the Time of Several Millennia
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 \HR 201.03. ~- 37 
 
Lesson - 37 :
The Racial and Ethnic Groups of Community
Who are the "Aryans" and "Dravidians"?
Please see below
for Lesson - 38
 
 

 

 

Most readers and researchers of Hindu Religion and South Asian cultures often mention about "Aryan" and "Dravidian" groups in India. Some scholars said all groups in the Northern part of India as Aryans and those in the South as Dravidians. Some mistakenly regarded all belonging to the Upper Castes as Aryans. There is no real dividing line separating the groups as only Aryans and Dravidians. In fact, there does not seem to be a Dravidian race in any research books, only a mention of Culture, Architecture and Language styles listed as Dravidian. Germans under Adolph Hitler and Persians and some Central Asians claimed themselves to be "Aryan" race, when they had no other ancient history of a civilization to adhere to. For the sake of simplicity of understanding these terms were used in this articles to separate two distinctive cultural and ethnic groups that existed in India from ancient times though they were well mixed all over the land.

In the most ancient times, several thousands of years back, the Indian subcontinent was occupied and populated by an ancient group of aboriginal dark skinned people and traces of some of them are still said to be living in many remote areas of the land. They were the nomadic hunters belonging to the later stone age. After this period, there were agricultural groups using copper tools, domesticated animals and a distinctive cultural practice in groups with religious prayer and burial rituals noted among them. These were the original ancient "Indian Ethnic groups". There were the people with a mixture of Australoid racial features, similar to the Australian aboriginal and Indonesians, Caucasian ethnic groups like the Central Asians, Mongolians from the East and Negroid ethnic groups with African racial characters. There were also migrations from the Italian and other Mediterranean areas to the west coast, northwest and southern parts of India. The Sumerians, Greeks, Central Asians and Eastern Europeans from the West also came. They are all believed by some to be the origin of the so called "Aryan" and "Dravidian" groups.

 

 

 
   
 \HR 201.03. ~- 38 
 
Lesson - 38 :
Origin and Evolution of the Hindu Race and Culture
What is the True "Indus Valley Civilization"?
 
   
 

Most of these ethnic groups mixed so much within a short period that they became indistinguishable from one another in this great ethnic and cultural melting pot. This was the time of the Indus Valley settlement. The "Dravidian" culture and religious practice were in existence before the "Aryan" influence come into this place. This is believed to be part of the Cultures of Mohenjadaro in Sind and Harappa in the West Punjab provinces of what is now Pakistan, and in parts of Rajasthan and Gujarat near the now dry "Saraswathi River" as part of the Indus Valley Civilization. There were 25 to 50 thousand people in each settlement. They used a distinct language which has defied all attempts to decipher. They do not appear to be related to the Sumerian, the Mediterranean, Brahmi or any "Indo-European" languages.

Most researches done by the scholars were incomplete and sketchy with much prejudicial and erroneous opinion. Some Scandinavian researchers attempted to decipher about 500 characters and compared this to a form of "Dravidian" script similar to Ancient Tamil. They have used a numbering system that was "Binary and Octal" in smaller numbers and "Decimal" in Higher numbers. They had large congregation halls that looked like prayer halls or bath, probably for religious practices but no Temples or Sanctums. There were evidences of streets and well-organized waterways and drainage systems. They have prayed to images very much like Siva and Parvathi and certain animal figurines. The Indian ethnic structure, from the ancient time, has been the melting pot of Caucasian, Australoid and the ancient Indian Natives and tribal races. It had some mixture of the Mediterranean, Central Asian, Negroid and Mongolian traits. Thus there was no certain "Aryan or Dravidian" racial division of the population at any time, in spite of any divisions of regional, linguistic or religious differences among them. They organized and followed a cultural and religious belief from these ancient times that was developed by their leaders and followed by all.

 
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Origin of the present Human race in the Indian sub-continant - One of several theories
 
 

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Even though the theory of evolution says that the Human race of modern man appeared on earth more than a million years back, it is now believed that all most all of them were destroyed about 100,000 years back in the extreme cold weather of a severe ice age. Only about less than 1000 families of one genetic line escaped and survived, who were living in caves in the North-Eastern part of Africa. In the coldest weather, possibly they survivrd, stayed inside caves, with fires to warm the area for comfort. They started a new culture and tradition of the modern civilization over the next thousands of years as they gradually moved all over the world. In the next few thousand years, some families gradually moved through the terrains to several parts of the world. About 60,000 years back few families moved in to Indian sub-continent**.

It is found by their Genetic research that among the people who moved to Indian sub-continent, there was only a genetic line of * one male and two female* gene types found among people in all of India, tracing back to this ancient time. There was only one type of Y Chromosome among all Indians, all over India [# except a small group of about 4 - 5%] which represents the Male ancestory. However, there were two variations in the Mitochondrial DNA which goes only from mother to all her children, seen in all areas.

# A small percentage of the population had some variations in the genes, that were similar to the people of Indonasia and Australian Natives.

* This study reveals some facts that is very similar to our Purana stories of origin of Indian race to Sage Kasyapa or Prajapathi who had two wives Dithi and Adithi. There are some who believe that the civilization started in India first and moved West to the Middle East countries and all over the world.

 
 

(From a research Study conducted around the world)

 
 

[**Reference: ** - "Journey of Man" by Spencer Wells; [Pub. National Geographic].

 
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