Vedas give different rules of Dharma for people of different age-groups,
different family traits and different periods of time. The ashrama
dharma gives the standards of living for different age groups of individuals.
The varna dharma is one that is most misinterpreted and misused. If
properly interpreted and understood, it is the most efficient sociological
system of the nation. It is indeed a splendid theory with a flawless
rule. But, the defect came from somewhere else.
dharma sasthras, or smrithis, written by Rishis like Manu, Parasara,
and Yaagñavalkya, have varied for different periods of time
according to varyingsocial and emotional surroundings of the Hindu
society [Yuga-Dharma]. The Hindus often follow the teachings of various
Dharma sasthras for the philosophical guidance for daily living.
Karma means not only just action or work but also the result of such
action. Any deed or any thought that causes an effect is called karma.
The law of karma is one of the fundamental doctrines of Hinduism and
all eastern philosophy. One following the proper karma and one's dharma,
according to Hindu teachings, attains moksha or liberation from the
cycle of rebirth of soul and reaches the eternal soul of the divine.
following the Bhakthi pathway of Hindu concepts visualize this as
reaching svarga or the heavenly abode of the celestial souls and the
divine home of "Narayana". No one born in this world can
escape and go without doing their karma and without the dharma according
to their birth. However such action often becomes improper and leaves
an effect on the soul. This is due to the Purusharthas of artha and
kaama, affected by desires of pleasure, lust, greed and motives for
should perform the karma according to the dharma of one's birth, education,
personal ability, the need of the community and the proper dharma
of the period of Yuga, without any greed or attachment to the fruits
or results of such action. This is the proper Karma as in karma yoga
and it helps one to attain liberation or moksha or svarga.