Jaimini, a disciple of Sri Vyãsa Maharishi, founded the
system of Poorva Mimamsa or Karma Mimamsa. It is an inquiry into
the rituals portion of the Vedas, Manthras and Brahmanas only. It
is not a true philosophical system. It is rather a system of Vedic
interpretation, dealing with a critical commentary on the Brahmanas
or ritual portions of Vedas. It has a number of Deities and Vedic
offerings are made to them. It gives detailed description of different
sacrifices and their purpose.
was an opponent of rationalism and Theism. The whole aim of his
system was a desire to know dharma or duty, which consists of the
performance of rites and rituals as prescribed in Vedas. There was
no place for a Divine Creator but just the presiding Deity of each
ritual and Vedic rites. The Vedas were practically the only God
for him. It needs no other basis to rest on; there is no Divine
revelation at any time.
Sri Jaimini does not so much deny God as he ignores His existence.
A supreme God was not necessary for his system. Vedic dharma is
not in need of a Supreme Being or God. Dharma itself will bestow
the rewards. The fruits and rewards of sacrifices are not dispensed
by a God but by the Apurva. Apurva is Adhrishta, an unseen force
created by an act which leads to the fruits of action. The self
is distinct from the body, the senses and mind.
Self is the experiencer, Body is the abode of experience and the
Senses are the instruments of experience. The Self perceives when
it is in union with the mind. The Self is not the senses as it persists
even when the senses are destroyed. The Self directs the body and
it is all-pervading and imperishable. The performer of sacrifice
goes to svarga, attainable through the performance of the rituals
of karma only.
does not believe in moksha. Jaimini's system has been criticized
as incomplete and unsatisfactory. Most people, even though very
much interested in the rituals and their effects, could not accept
the system without a role for a Divine Supreme Reality as the bestower
of the cause and effect of the rituals. This system could not satisfy
the thoughtful men.