though these explained the same teachings of the Vedas, each one
of the schools explained them with a different meaning and approach.
Thus our daily practice of the Religion is based on the teachings
and guidance of all these six Dharsanas. Vedantha Dharsana or Uttara
Mimamsa is the most popular now in our daily practice though some
parts of Nyaya and Poorva Mimamsa as modified later are also used
along with Vedantha for daily ritualistic practice and worship of
Deities in various forms.
is very popular as a spiritual discipline and a part of meditation
and physical exercise and conditioning. All Hindus follow these
scriptures according to their choice and family traditions. Dharma
Sasthras are written based on these Dharsanas, especially the Vedantha
Dharsana by Vyasa. Later, many Acharyas have written explanatory
Normal practice of Hindus in their daily life is guided by Purushartha,
the four basic desires, which are Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha.
Of these, the first three belong to the realm of worldly value and
the fourth being the supreme value. Thus Hinduism is not all renunciation,
suffering and self denial for the benefit of an unknown future in
this world or a future birth. It promotes all worldly pleasures
and simple desires for individual material benefit, but only for
the true happiness and prosperity of the whole world.
suppression of legitimate desires often leads to unhealthy state
of the body and mind and delays the attainment of liberation, the
ultimate goal. Dharma is the righteousness in living and is the
basis of both individual progress and social welfare. Dharma is
of three kinds, which are Physical, Verbal and Mental. It is by
actions of the body like good deeds, charity and selfless service
to all; by what we speak like soft, affectionate and kind words;
by thoughts like kindness, detachment and reverence.