is what is done, a deed or activity as seen everywhere. Whereas
every one else is talking about their rights, our Vedas first talks
about our Karma or activity as duty, to individual, to the community,
to our Ancestors and to God. Ordinary Karma has a binding quality
leaving an impression, leading on to new actions and new impressions.
This gives rise to attachment, to desire, then to greed and to lust
and in the end it lead to disappointment and sorrow. It bears an
effect on this life now and in our future, on our children and our
future births. They are called Sanchita, Prarabdha and Kriyamana
or Agami Karma.
Karma is all the accumulated Karmas of the past. All tendencies,
individual nature, desire and capabilities come from this. Prarabdha
Karma is that portion of the past action in Sanchita Karma that
is now taking action and influence in the present birth. It is that
effect which has begun, like the fruit ripe for reaping. It can
not be avoided or changed, but exhausted by experiencing. Kriyamana
or Agami Karma is that which is now being made for the future and
can be avoided.
These Karmas are of three kinds. The Nishiddha Karmas are the ones
to be avoided as they are against the ethics and the Dharma. These
actions involve greed and lust and causes injury to the society
and its moral values. The Kaamika Karmas are actions performed for
their benefit and pleasure only. They are considered inferior as
they arise out of desire and leads to greed and grief.
Karthavya Karmas are superior as they are performed without desire
or greed but as a service to God. The Charvaka School of thinkers,
who are materialistic, had rejected righteousness or Dharma, salvation
and spiritual freedom. They accepted only two values, namely, those
related to wealth and those related to sense of pleasure. The Upanishad
draws a clear distinction between what is ideal of pleasure and
what is good. The pleasure is created by ignorance, lust and greed.
It will ultimately bring suffering and misery. The Karma pathway
is considered to be the first stage or the first step and the most
essential to attain salvation and to reach God, before practicing
the pathways of devotion, rituals and knowledge.