|Hindu Heritage Study Program|
1. Sãntha Bhãva:
1. Sãntha Bhãva [means calmness of mind] The mind of the devotee is filled with divine knowledge and is emotionless, always undisturbed, peaceful and tranquil. Only Yogis and Jñanis, like Bhishma, who are highly developed and have had direct experience of God will be able to practice Santha Bhava.
2. Dãsya Bhãva:
2. Dãsya Bhãva: The devotee considers himself as inferior to God. He takes God to be his Master and looks upon himself as just a humble servant. He considers it is his duty to worship and to love God. Hanuman is an example of Dasya Bhakthi.
3. Sakhya Bhãva:
3. Sakhya Bhãva: The devotee considers God to be a dear friend, the sole supreme companion, and as his equal in relation, with pure friendship not degenerating into familiarity. Arjuna is an example of Sakhya Bhaktha.
4. Vãtsalya Bhãva:
4. Vãtsalya Bhãva: The devotee considers God as his Child and the themselves as the mother giving and also getting the unconditional love of the Child. Mother Yashoda had Vatsalya Bhakthi towards Child Krishna as her own child.
5. Kãntha BHãva: This is the expression of devotion with a feeling like the one a wife gets and gives towards her husband, as in the case of devotion of Sita towards Sri Rama and Rukmini towardsSri Krishna, called Kantha Bhava.
6. Mãdhurya Bhãva: This is the highest expression of Divine love. Here, the devotee takes the lord to be his beloved, with deep love, devotion and surrenders himself. When Gopikas like Radha develops Bhakthi towards Sri Krishna, it is the romantic love and surrender of the self to the lover, without any sensuality but with pure devotion and surrender, called Madhurya Bhava.
There are nine modes for expression of Bhakthi:
Hearing of the Lord's Lilas or divine past times.
Singing the glories and praises of the Lord.
Remembrance of His Name and Presence.
Service of His feet. As it is not literally possible,
Worship of God. The worship can be performed
Prostration to the Lord. This is a humble prostration
Service of the Lord. This includes service in the temple,
Friendship with the Lord. The devotee joyfully takes up
|9. Athma Nivedana:|
Complete self-surrender to the Lord.