A Companion to the Study of Hinduism - Part IV
HR 255.04
Principles and Practice of Hindu Dharma
~ Level - 2
Vedas and Ritualistic Practice
A Collection of the Texts Available that gives the Divine Message
for Everyone to Study, Understand and Practice in Rituals
Selected Prayers and Hymns from the Vedic Scriptures to Recite
- 03 -
Samples from Rigveda
[ to show how the Paada, Rik and Sùktha are arranged ]
Part - IV




- Rig Veda - 1.1.1. - First Rik of Rigveda

Agnimeele'Purohitham (First Paada)
Yagyasya De'vam Rithvijam (Second Paada)
Hothaaram Rathna Dhaathamam ( Third Paada) - [ Rik - 1 ]

- First Sooktha of Rigveda -

Agnimeele'Purohitham Yagyasya De'vam Rithvijam
Hothaaram Rathna Dhaathamam - [ Rik - 1 ]

1. I pray to Agni, the household priest who is the god of the sacrifice,
the one who chants and invokes and brings most treasure.

Agnih' Poorve'bhirrishibhi Ridhyo' Noothanairutha
Sa De'vaan E'ha Vakshathi - [ Rik - 2 ]

2. Agni earned the prayers of the ancient sages, and of those of the present too;
he will bring the gods here.
Agninaa Rayimashshnavath Poshameva Dhive'dive'
Yashasam Veervaththamam - [ Rik - 3 ]

3. Through Agni one may win wealth, and growth from day to day,
glorious and most abounding in heroic sons.
Agne' Yam Yagyamadhvaram Vivishvathah:
Paribhoorasi Sa Id Devashu Gachchathi - [ Rik - 4 ]

4. Agni, the sacrificial ritual that you encompass on all sides -
only that one goes to gods.
Agnirhothaa Kavikruthuh: Sathyashchithra Shravasthamah:
De'vo Dhe've' bhiraa Gamath - [ Rik - 5 ]

5. Agni, the priest with the sharp sight of a poet, the true and the most brilliant,
the god will come with the gods.
Yadhanga Dhaashuse' Thvam-agne' Bhadhram Karishshyasi
Thave'th Thath Sathyamanggirah: - [ Rik - 6 ]

6. Whatever good you wish to do for the one who worships you, Agni,
through you, O Angiras (the ancient family of priests), that comes true.
Upa Thvaagne' Dhive'dhive' Dhoshaavasthardhiyaa Vayam
Namo' Bharantha E'masi - [ Rik - 7 ]

7. To you, Agni, who shine upon darkness, we come day after day,
bringing our thoughts and homage.
Raajaanthamadhvaraanaam Gopaamrithasya Dheedhivim
Vardhamaanam Sve' Dame' - [ Rik - 8 ]

8. To you, the king over sacrifices, the shining guardian of the order,
growing in your own house.

Sa nah: Pithe'va Soonave' -gne' Soopaayano' Bhava
Sachasvaa Nah: Svastaye' - [ Rik - 9 ]

9. Be easy for us to reach, like father to his son.
Abide with us, Agni, for our happiness.

Creation Hymn [Naasadeeya] - Rigveda - 10.129
1. There was neither non-existence nor existence then; there was neither the realm of space nor the sky which is beyond. What stirred? where? In whose protection? Was ther water, bottomlessly deep?
2. There was neither death nor immortality then. There was no distinguishing sign of night and day. That one breathed, windless, by its own impulse. Other than that there was nothing beypond.
3. Darkness was hidden by darkness in the beginning; with no distinguishing sign, all this was water. The life force that was covered with emptiness, that one arose through the power of heat.
4. Desire came upon that one in the beginning; that was the first seed of mind. Poets seeking in their heart with wisdom found the bond of existence in non-existence.
5. Their cord was extended across. Was there below? Was there above? There were seed placers; there were poweres. There was impulse beneath; there was givinf forth above.
6. who really knows? Who will here proclaim? Whence was it produced? Whence is this creation? The gods came afterwards, with the creation of the Universe. Who then knows whence it has arisen?
7. Whence this creation has arisen - perhaps it formed itself, or perhaps it did not - the one who looks down on it, in the highest heaven, only knows - or perhaps he does not know.

The Golden Embryo - Hiranyagarbha -10.121
1. In the beginning the Golden Embryo arose. Once he was born, he was the one lord of Creation. He held in place the earth and this sky. Who is the god whom we should worship with oblation?
2. He who gives life, who gives strength, whose command all the gods, his own, obey; his shadow is immortality - and death. Who is the god whom we should worship with oblation?
3. He who by his greatness became the one king of the world that breathes and blinks, who rules over his two footed and four footed creatures - who is the god whom we should worship with oblation?
4. He who through his power owns these snowy mountains, and the ocean together with river Rasaa, they say; who has the quarters of sky as his two arms - who is the god whom we should worship with oblation?
5. He by whom the awesome sky and the earth were made firm, by whom the dome of the sky was popped up, and the sun, who measured out the middle realm of space - who is the god whom we should worship with oblation?
6. He whom the two opposed masses looked with trembling in their hearts, supported by his help, on whom the rising sun shines down - who is the god whom we should worship with oblation?
7. When the high waters came, pregnant with embryo that is everything, bring forth fire, he arose from that as one life's breath of gods. Who is the god whom we should worship with oblation?
8. He who in his greatness looked over the waters, which were pregnant with Daksha, bringing forth the sacrifice, he who was the one god among all gods - who is the god whom we should worship with oblation?
9. Let him not harm us, he who fathered the earth and created the sky, whose laws are true, who created the high shining waters. Who is the god whom we should worship with oblation?
10. O' Prajaapathi, lord of progeny, no one but you embraces all these creatures. Grant us the desires for which we offer you oblation. Let us be lords of riches.
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