Heritage Study Program|| |
Companion to the Study of Hinduism - Part IV
and Practice of Hindu Dharma
Level - 2
Collection of the Texts Available that gives the Divine Message
Everyone to Study, Understand and Practice in Rituals
Prayers and Hymns from the
Vedic Scriptures to Recite
Hymn of Universal man - Rigveda -10.90. [Slokams 1 to 18 ]
Sheershaa Purushah: Sahasraakshas Sahasrapaath |
Sabhoomim Visvatho Vruthvaa
Athyathishta Dhasaangulam || || -1-1 ||
A thousand heads has the Universal man, Purusha; as also a thousand eyes and a
thousand feet He has. He spreads over the earth on all sides and beyond it as
far as ten fingers can count. [Infinite numbers, without a beginning or end.]
Ye've'dhagum Sarvam Yath Bhootham Yascha Bowyam |
Uthamru Thathvath Esaanah:
Yadhannenaathi Rohathi || || -1-2 ||
Purusha, the Man, is all that has been in the past,all that is coming and all
that exists now. He is the ruler of immortality, as He comes out beyond everything
and grows through food.
Vaanasya Mahimaa Athojyaa Yaaguscha Poorushah: |
Paadhosya Visvaa Bhoothaani
Thripaadhasyaa Mruthandhivi || || -1-3 ||
What we see here is all the greatness of this Purusha, the Man, and
is yet more than this. All creatures of this universe is only a quarter of Him
and the other three quarters are what is remaining immortal in Heaven.
Udhaith Purushah: Paathos -e'haabhavaath Punah: |
Thatho Vishvang Vyakraamath
Saasanaana Sane Abhi || || -1-4 ||
three fourths of Purusha arise beyond the universe. One fourth of him only arose
again and again here on earth. Thence, as He spread in all directions, appeared
all those creations that eats food and that which eats not on this earth.
viraadajaayatha Viraajo Adhipoorushah: |
Sajaatho Athyarikshatha Pascaadhbhoomim
-athopuraha: || || -1-5 ||
From him the brilliant Viraaj was born, from Viraj came the primal Purusha.
he was born, he spread beyond the earth, on all the sides to create all beings.
[Viraj is the Female principle, which with the primal Purusha produces the
concrete universe. In the Atharvaveda She is an independent creative principle
identified with Brahma, with speech and with Prajapathi.]
purushena Havishaa Dhevaayakyamath anvatha |
Vasanthoasya Aseethaajyam Greeshma
Idhmas Saradhdhavihi || || -1-6 ||
the Devas (Celestial Angels) spread on the sacrificial offerings with Purusha
as oblation, spring was its ghee [melted butter] summer the fuel, autumn the oblation.
Pari dhayah: Thrissabtha Samidhah Krithaah: |
Dhevaayath Yagnyamthan Vaanaah:
Abhathnan Purusham Pasum || || -1-7 ||
Seven Devas were the sticks that enclose the place of Yajña
(Sacrificial Fire rituals), thrice seven  philosophical principles were made
the fuel sticks; the Devas performed the Yajña and they bound the Purusha
as the cow at the Yajña.
Yagnyam Bharhishi Prowkshan Purusham Jaathamagrathah: |
Thena Devaa Ayajantha
Saadhyaa Rushayaschaye || || -1-8 ||
As the sacrifice on the Yajña they besprinkled the Purusha, born in the
beginning. With him the Devas performed the Yajña along with Saadhyas (other
Devas) and the Sages.
Yagnyaath Sarvahuthah: Sambrutham Brushadhaajyam |
Vaayavyaan Aaranyan graamya -aschaye || || -1-9 ||
From that sacrifice completely offered, formed the cream and ghee [melted
butter]. He made it the beasts and birds of the air, of the forest and those of
Yagnyath sarvahuthah: Ruchassaamaani Jaggire |
Chandaagumsi Jaggire Thasmaath
Yajusthasmaath ajaayatha || || -1-10 ||
From that sacrifice completely offered were born the verses (Rg Veda)
the Saaman Melodies (Saamaveda). The Chhandhas metres were born from it.
it was born the Sacrificial formula (Yajurveda).
Ajayantha Yekecho Bhayaadhathah: |
Ghavoha Jaggire Thasmaath Thasmaath jaathaa
ajaavayah:|| || -1-11 ||
this [Yajña] the horses were born and those that have one row and
rows of teeth. Cattle were born from it. From it were born goats and sheep.
Prusham Vyadhadhuhu Kathidhaavya kalpayan |
Mukamkimasya Kowbhahoo Kaa Vooroo
Paadhaa uchyethe || || -1-12 ||
they created this Universal Purusha, into how many forms did they make him? What
was the form of his mouth? What was his two arms? What are his thighs and feet
Mukmaaseeth Bhaahoo Raajanyakruthah: |
Uruthathasya Yadhvaisyah: Pathbyaagum
Soodhro Ajaayatha || || -1-13 ||
His mouth formed the Brahmin (teacher or Priest), his two arms were
made the Rajaanya (Kshathriya or warrior), his two thighs the Vaisyaa (traders
or Agriculturist) and from his feet the Soodhra (worker or servant) was born.
Manso Jaathah: Chakchos Sooryo Ajaayatha |
Muka -adinthrascha -agnischa Praanaath
Vaayurajaayatha || || -1-14 ||
His mind (manas) formed the moon, from his eye became the sun, from
his mouth came Indra and Agni, from his breath Vaayu (wind) was born.
Aaseetha -anthariksham Seershnodhyows Samavarthatha |
Pathbhyaam Bhoomir Dhisasrothraath
- Thathaa Loghagum Akalpayan || || -1-15 ||
From his navel arose the open sky, from his head the heaven originated,
from his feet the earth was formed, the directions came from his ears. Thus did
they create all the worlds.
Purusham Mahaantham - Aadhithyavarnam Thamasasthu Paare |
Vichithya dheerah: Naamaanikruthvaa - Abhivadhan Yathaasthe ||
The Purusha, is the creator of all forms and is given all the names. As we know
his great qualities, He is all powerfull, beyond darkness, bright like the Sun
performing all actions.
Purasthaath Yamuthaajahaara - Sakrapravidhvaan Prathisaschathasrah: |
Vidhvaanamrutha Iha Bhavathi - Naanyapanthaa Ayanaayavidhyathe ||
He who understands this Purusha, whom Brahma called Paramathma,
Indira saw in all four directions, attains Moksha [liberation] in this birth.
Yaguamayajantha dhevaah: - Thaani Dharmaani Prathamaanyasan |
- Yathra Poorve Saadhyassanthi Devaah: ||
The Devas who worshipped this Purusha, by this Yajña and by all the Dharma,
high levels in Svarga. All persons performing this Yajña shall reach similar
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