Basic Study of Hindu Religion
Hindu Heritage Study Program

Guru Brahma Gurur Vishnuhu Guru Devoo Maheswaraha |
Guru Sakshaath Para Brahma Tasmai Sree Gurave' Namaha ||

Guru is Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu and Lord Maheswara,
Guru is nothing but the Supreme Brahman devoid of attributes.
That is the reason why we bow to the Guru.

We all see the divine aspect of the Supreme Truth in our mother, our father and our teacher [Guru or Acharya] before getting full realization of God. [Sruthi is our mother and Smrithi which reveals Brahman is our father] Our mother gives us our life and the life sustaining food and show our Father. Our father gives us the protection and the education and shows us our Guru or the teacher. Our Guru is the one to teach us and to give us the knowledge and intelligence and to show us the true aspect of God as the Divine Supreme Truth who is Omnipotent, Omnipresent, Immanent and Transcendent.

By: Prasad Kidhambi [Poorna Pragna]

"prano devi saraswathi vajebhir vajinavathi dhinamavidrayavathu" - Rig Veda "  
"salutations to mother saraswathi who is the originator of all vibrations
and who removes the ignorance of the intellects" : - Rig Veda

Guru, Teacher, Swami, Ananda are the popular names in the present day world. Less popular are the words like Desika, Tirtha, Giri. All these have made the mess of confusion in the contradiction ridden modern world and removed the peace of the individual. But what is meant by guru and all these names. Who has to keep them ? When one has to keep them ? What qualifications and qualities these names represent ? These names are like degrees in the regular world. They are appending after a particular stage of sadhana is reached. The following are the qualities of the GURU. What is the definition of the Guru and the actions of the guru with which we can recognize him? How the other terms are defined in the sashthraas ?


1.GURU: GU means darkness, RU what restrains it. He who restrains the darkness is the Guru, Ga means fulfillment, R means the uplifter from the fall, U signifies Vishnu, He who contains all the three is called as Guru Ga signifies the wealth of knowledge, R illumination, and U Shiva he who contains these is Guru, because he brings the wealth of the understanding to those who are blind to the TRUTH of the SELF and the AGAMAS that are secret which is called as GUHYA and because he is equivalent to the gods representing the Mantras he is called Guru.

2.ACHARYA: He who makes his disciples live and work according to the established truth and the knowledge of the sages is Acharya, as he accumulate the evidence in the sashthraas for the above truthful life he is called as acharya, he who himself teaches all that come in the form of movement and non moment (chara and achara) and who is expert in the Yama, Niyama.. is called as Acharya.

3.ARAADHYA: As he gives the Consciousness of the self (atma bhava), because he transcended the likes ad dislikes (raga dwesha), and as his mind is centered solely in the Dhyana he is called as Aradhya.

4.DESHIKA: Because he embodies the form of the deity he is worshiping (devatha), and because he showers the grace on the student (sishya )and because he is embodiment of the compassion (karuna) he is called as Deshika

5.SWAMI: Because he exudes his inner peace (swantha) and deliberates on supreme truth (swa) and because he is devoid of false realization and maya (mithya Gnana), he is called as Swami.

6.MAHESWARA: Because he is devoid of the blemishes of the mind (manodosa), because he refutes the dry arguments (hetu vada), because of his love to all manifestation like animals and other species (svadi), and as he is always playful (ramya) he is called as Maheswara.

7.SRINATHA: Because he imparts the knowledge of the Cosmos (sri), and instructs about the vibration (nada), and because he can block any ignorance from hindering the students achieving the Atma Tatva (sthaghitha), he is called as Srinatha.

8. DEVA: Because he crossed the bounds of the space and time and instructs the same (desa, kala), because he instructs the regulating of the Cosmic manifestation (Bhutha Dharma), he is called as Deva.

9. BHATHAARAKA: As he removes the bonds of the manifestation (bhava), because he instructs about the Soma (the bliss of the cosmos) as symbolized by letter TA (soma vidya), and as he protects the wisdom (rakshana), and as he is the one to be sought for the sadhana (kaamaniya), he is called as Bhathaaraka.

10. PRABHU: Because he dwells on the well guarded essence of the Vedas and Agamaas (praguptha) and makes people by making them to enjoy the fruits of the above texts (bhuktha), he is called as Prabhu.


11.YOGI: As ho throbs and realizes the wisdom through the Yoni Mudra, and as in that process he understands the essence of the vibratory states (Gi), he is called as Yogi.

12.SAMYAMI: As he rejects the bonds due to the attachment (sangha dukha), as he transcends all ashramaas of life (yatra kurtha) and as he fasts or transcends the desire to eat and drink (mitha) he is called as Samyami.

13.TAPASVI: As he meditates on the different realities of the truth (tathva), as he negates all the censures of the knowledge (pari vaada), as he accepts all the cosmic well beings in his body (svikaara), he is called as Tapasvi.

14. AVADHUTHA: As he is un decayable bliss (Aa), as he filled all the bonds of the world with the cosmic prana (vaa, dhu), and realized the essence of the Tath (tha) {as in tath tvam asi}, he is called as Avadhutha.

15.VIRA: As he is free from the attachment (vita), and from the intoxication, jealousy, anger, delusion, and far away from the Tamas, and Rajas states of the cosmos he is called as the Vira.

16.KAULIKA: Kula is the cosmos born out of the combination of Shiva and Shakthi, he who knows the art of liberating from this manifestation is Kaulika. Kula is Sakthi, and Akula is Shiva and those who are proficient on meditating on both sakthi and shiva are the Kaulikaas.

17. YATHI: He who makes the people obtain (Ya), the divine wisdom by reducing the ignorance (Thi), is called as yathi.

18. SADHAKA: As he gathers the essence of the Gurus teaching (Sa), by treading the path of the Dharma (Dha) and following the KARMAS (Ka) prescribed by the teacher he is called as Sadhaka.

19. BHAKTHA: He who adores with supreme devotion (Bha), following the Karmas of the sashthraas (Ka), and crosses the bandages of the manifestation (Tha) is called as Bhaktha.

20. SISHYA: He who dedicates his body, mind and praanaas to the Holy GURU and learns (sikshyathe), the essence of the YOGA (Ya) is called as Sishya.

Note here that the words Parama Hamsa and Ananda are not defined. The Parama Hamsa is dealt in the Parama Hamsopanishad. So the text never attempted to define it. Ananda is the word given to the Supreme lord, or Brahman so sashthra never dared to define it, as it never expected that it becomes a common title for the ignorant. The ananda is clearly defined in the Taithariya Upanishad. (Always it is the rule that the repetitions should never exist in the Shashthra). All these are in the realm of the Adhyatmika Sadhana. For the worldly things these are the following categories teachers exist.

21. PUROHITHA: Puram is the Town, and the Body, he who seeks the welfare of the Puram is the Purohitha.

22. ARCHAKA: He who performs the kamya karma (except the Pooja Vidhi) in the Consecrated temples for the welfare of the society is called as Archaka.

23. POOJARI: He who performs the Pooja Vidhi according to the Agama, Tanthra, and Manthra texts knowing the 9 bhedhas of the Murthis and Murthi sakthis is called Poojari.

24. YAGNIKA: He who performs the Yagnaas is called Yagnikaas.

25. AGNI HOTHRIS: He who is versed with the Agni Hothra of the Yagna and the types of the Agnis and the knowledge belonging to the Agni Hothra is called as Agni Hothri.

26. SOMAYAJI: Who performs the Soma Yagnaas or Pavamaana Soma Yagnaas are called as Soma Yajis.

27. SIDHANTHI: He who explains the Sidhantha (the science and Laws) of the existence by explaining the process of the Panchanga and proves the auspicious nature of the wisdom of the Sashthraas.

28. UPA ADHYAYA: He who takes the student unto him and teaches them the Sashthraas according to their aptitude is Upadhyaya.

29. PARIVRAAJAKA: He who moves from one place to the other place preaching the dharma and karma to the people.

30. PITHADHIPATHI: He who supervises and regulate the functioning of the worldly teachers and their actions.

Please go to next page - continued in : Guru - part - 2 -
Manifestations of God [Avathara] Devotional Paths of Religious Practice
Practice of Daily Rituals [Prayers] Pooja - Daily worship at Home
Bhakthi Yoga [ Devotion to God]Hindu Festivals : Siva Raathri, Dasara
Contents Page of Book on HinduismEssentials of Hindu Philosophy

Hindu Religion: : A Basic study
Food for the Mind and the Spirit - Yoga
Truth is One - A study of all World Religions Rules of Guru & Sishya [Teacher & Student]
Principles and Practice of Hindu Religion
Home Pooja - Lessons - 01; - 03; - 05.
Home Pooja methods & Slokas

Devotional Paths, Prayers & Rituals