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  Special Articles on Hindu Dharma ~ Level - 3  
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HR 311.08 - 09
Understanding that Our own Soul is part of the Supreme Divine
~ Level - 3 ~
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Lesson:
8- 09: Relation of Individual Ãthma with the Paramãthma
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Our Life or Jiva is Just a part of the Universal Spirit of the Divine
 
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The primal desires of each individual are the four Purusharthas - Dharma, Artha, Kãma and Moksha. We have been tutored well to follow the Dharma and perform all our Karma and Pooja according to that. The Purushãrthãs or individual aspirations are the driving force while the rules of Dharma, Karma and creation are their guiding principles for us to get through the passage in this universe. All proper actions of Artha and Kãma also allowed for each individual but they are to be guided by Dharma only.

The purpose of all our Karma and all life activities and prayers are all ultimately directed towards reaching the fourth state that is "Moksha". This is the final journey of the individual Athma that lives in the body to perform these karmas. The Primal desire of every Athma is to ultimately reach the abode of the Supreme God to live with or merge with the Paramathma. This is achieved by doing proper karmas and following the Dharma to purify the Jiva and get rid of all the Upãdhis that attach the Athma to the body.

All our Puranas explain that the Supreme Divine has established 14 Lokas or worlds especially for our Athma and all other creations to reside. Our Athma may go from one to other from time to time based on our Karmas. We have six worlds above: 1. Brahma Lokam - Abode of the Supreme; 2. Mahã Lokam; 3. Jana Lokam; 4. Thapa Lokam; 5. Swarga Lokam; 6: Bhuvar Lokam - Place of our Pitrus / Ancestors. We currently reside in: 7: BhooLokam - Our Earth. We have seven below us: 8: Athala Lokam; 9: Vithala Lokam; 10: Suthala Lokam; 11: Thalãdhala Lokam; 12: Mahãdhala Lokam; 13: Rasãdhala Lokam; 14: Pãthãla Lokam. Depending on the present and past Karmas and Dharma the Athma travels to one of the fourteen worlds as above.

Individual soul or the Athma with all their desires and attachments lives as "Jiva" (Life) in the body during our lifetime. Upon completion of the Karmas in this birth the Jiva leaves the body. For performance of some good Karma as service of the Supreme for the people of this world the Athma gets re-created to serve the world as part of Divine Duty. Those who worship ancestors go to Pithri Loka and those who worship Gurus and upa-devathas also go to their Loka. Persons, who do not worship or believe in a supreme, and those who did bad Karmas go to lokas below. All of them take a re-birth.

Some of the actions of the athma are determined by its individual selection of path where a choice by free-will is given as the part of the Lila or game of the creator. Some of these activities are also dependent on the directions and desires of the Supreme God. So, the rebirth of a soul is not only dependent on the past bad karma but also due to some good karma and certain Dharma the soul is expected to perform. The ultimate desire for each devotee is to avoid this re-birth and reach the "The Brahma Lokam".

 

 

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Sarva dharmãn parityajya mãmékam saranam vraja |
aham tva sarvapãpébhyo mókshayisyãmi mã sucah || Ch. XVIII - 66 ||
Srimad Bhagavad Geetha - Ch. XVII - 66
"Abandoning dependence on all dharmas surrender to Me,
and Me only, for spiritual elevation, come to Me as the only refuge,
I shall deliver you of all Sins. Worry not"
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Chapter - 8: Realization of the Supreme with Rituals & Prayers ~Lesson - 09~
 
Lessons: - :~: 8- 01 :~: 8- 02 :~: 8- 03 :~: 8- 04 :~: 8- 05 :~: 8- 06 :~: 8- 07 :~: 8- 08 :~: 8- 09 :~: 8- 10 :~:
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