_______

-@-

==
@
\@
==
@
\\

Special Articles on Hindu Dharma ~ Level - 3 ~

\
\
     
Realization of Supreme through Concentration of the Mind
\@
0
0
\\
\
Chapter - 7
True Spiritual Discipline through Meditation
HR 322 - 07
- - -
Lesson 07.05:
Essential Concepts in Practice of Raja Yoga
For Next Lesson
Please See Below
\
\
\
@

In a general sense, Raja yoga is a disciplined method utilized for attaining a goal. In all the devotional Paths and in Karma path the teachings of the Raja Yoga discipline is combined for the best benefit of our prayers. Bhakti schools of Vaishnavism and Saivism combine Raja yoga with devotion and meditation to unite with the supreme. In the specific sense of Patanjali's Yoga Sutras, the purpose of yoga is defined as the cessation of the transformation of awareness. In contemporary times, the physical postures of yoga are used to alleviate health problems, reduce stress and make the spine supple.

Yoga is also used as a complete exercise program and physical therapy routine. Raja yoga is concerned with the mind and its fluctuations and how to quiet or master the mind's fluctuations. Because of the relationship between the mind and the body, the body must be first "tamed" through self-discipline and purified by means such as the outer, preliminary five limbs of this eightfold yoga, by hatha yoga or other means.

Patañjali's Yoga Sutras begin with the statement "Yoga limits the oscillations of the mind". They go on to detail the ways in which mind can create false ideations, and advocate arduous, dedicated meditation on real objects or subjects. Thus Rãja yoga encompasses and differentiates itself from other forms of yoga by encouraging the mind to avoid the sort of absorption in obsessional practice (including some traditional practices) that can create false mental objects.

Sri Krishna, in Gita, describes the yogi as follows: "A yogi is greater than the ascetic, superior to a scholar and superior to a ritualist too. Therefore, O Arjuna, in all circumstances be a yogi" (Bg. 6.46). A good level of overall physical health and psychological integration must be attained before the deeper, inner aspects of yoga can be pursued. Through restraint (Yamah) such as celibacy, abstaining from intoxicants, and careful attention to one's actions (Niyamah) of body, speech and mind, the person becomes fit to practice meditation.

This is the discipline one needs to put upon one's self and self-discipline is another meaning of the word yoga. "Every thought, feeling, perception, or memory you may have, causes a modification, or ripple, in the mind. It distorts and colors the mental mirror. If you can restrain the mind from forming into modifications, there will be no distortion, and you will experience your true Self." - Swami Satchidananda.

@

@
\\
\
Lesson 07.06:
Rãja Yoga as Physical, Mental and Spiritual Discipline
\
\
\
@

The Yoga system, founded by Pathañjali Maharishi, is a branch or supplement to Sankhya. Yoga is restraint of the activities of the mind and is the union of the individual soul with the Supreme Soul. Pathañjali's Yoga is Raja yoga or ashtanga yoga which deals with discipline of the mind and its psychic powers. Hatha yoga deals with methods of bodily control and regulation of breath. Its culmination leads to Raja Yoga.

In Kapila's Sankhya there is no reference to Ishvara or God. In Pathanjali's `Yoga', there is a special Purusha or Ishvara. It accepts the metaphysical view of the Sankhya system, but it lays emphasis on the practical side of self-discipline and concentration of will power for the realization of the absolute unity of the Purusha. It claims greater orthodoxy than Sankhya by acknowledging the existence of a Supreme Being or Ishvara. He is a special Purusha or a particular Soul unaffected by afflictions, works, fruition and vehicles. It describes the ethical discipline of Yamah and Niyamah, certain virtues to be followed, and the chief of them is nonviolence or ahimsa. Avidhya is the main cause of our troubles that leads to ego, desires and aversion that veils the spiritual vision. Devotion to God gives freedom.

We must realize that one cannot suddenly take-up Raja Yoga as their only path in the search for spiritual realization. This needs the conditioning of the mind and attaining proper knowledge of the True Self. One has to slowly elevate the Self from the state of ignorance of an atheist and the Tamasika level of prayers with Bhaya Bhakti and blind following of a dogma to higher levels with intensive search and questioning to get proper realization.

For this, one needs to understand proper Karma in daily life including Nithya karmas, teachings of the Manthras and Thantras in worship, the path of Bhakti or devotion to the supreme in transcendental forms and then realize the Supreme in the immanent form with proper inquiry and intuitive knowledge. Some aspects of these paths go along with the practice of Raja Yoga.

A study of the Chakras and panchakosas are also essential. Here a study of all the six Dharshanas and the four yogas will help. These are like the training phase of a doctor, an engineer or a military officer to condition to certain principles and philosophy with ethics at the work. Here the Yamahs and Niyamahs are the initial part of this discipline to keep the mind calm and clear before the physical exercise, breathing, and meditation to condition and calm the mind.

@

\\
: Lessons : -: 7.01 : - : 7.03 : - : 7.05 : - : 7.07 : - : 7.09 : - : 7.11 :
A Collection of Lessons on Hindu Dharma discussed in Satsangh
There are Two Lessons on each page - so thay you can read two lessons each day.
@
\\
\@